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Atmospheric Trust Litigation Resources

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Specific Case Law

Marks v. Whitney, 491 P.2d 374, 381 (Cal. 1971).
Massachusetts v. EPA, 127 S.Ct. 1438 (2007).
Geer v. Connecticut, 161 U.S. 519 (1896).
Ill. Cent. R.R. Co. v. Illinois, 146 U.S. 387 (1892).
Lake Michigan Federation v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 742 F. Supp. 441 (D. Ill. 1990).
U.S. v. 1.58 Acres of Land, 523 F. Supp. 120 (D. Mass. 1981).
Complaint of Steuart Transp. Co., 495 F. Supp. 38 (E.D. Va. 1980).
Seminole Nation v. United States, 316 U.S. 286 (1942).
Jicarilla Apache Tribe v. Supron Energy Corp., 728 F.2d 1555 (10th Cir. 1984).
Arizona Ctr. for Law in the Pub. Interest v. Hassell, 837 P.2d 158 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1991).
Matthews v. Bay Head Improvement Association, 471 A.2d 355 (N. J. 1984).
National Audubon Society v. Superior Court, 658 P.2d 709 (Cal. 1983).
City of Milwaukee v. State, 214 N.W. 820 (Wis. 1927).
State v. City of Bowling Green, 313 N.E.2d 409 (Ohio 1974).
Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Ass’ns v. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, 138 F. Supp. 2d 1228 (N.D. Cal. 2001).

Activities & Filings

December 18, 2008 Supreme Court of the Philippines Manila Bay Decision

November 24, 2008 Ecuador’s Historic Vote: Nature Gets Legal Rights

May 30, 2008 Western Environmental Law Center; Protest of BLM’s June 17th Oil & Gas Lease Sale

July 3, 2008 Center for Biological Diversity; Scoping Comments on the Gateway West Transmission Line Project

Activists Urge BLM to Subject Drill Leases to Voluntary EPA GHG Plan,” Clean Air Report, Inside Washington Publishers, Volume 19, Issue 14 (July 10, 2008).

July 30, 1993 Juan Antonio Oposa et al., v. The Honorable Fulgencio S. Factoran, Jr., G.R.

Scientific Reports

Feedback – Permafrost Melting

Feedback – Oceans Saturated and Acidifying

Feedback – Forests Turning from Sink to Source

Feedback – Albedo Affect

Forest Protection for Carbon Sink

Global Heating

Union of Concerned Scientists, “How to Avoid Dangerous Climate Change: A Target for U.S. Emissions Reductions” (September 2007).

UCS Targets: 1. Arrest growth of carbon emissions by 2010; 2. Reduce carbon emissions by 4% per year annually; 3. Achieve 80% reduction of carbon emissions by 2050.


MacCracken, Michael C., The Increasing Pace of Climate Change, Volume 28, Number 3 / Winter 2009, Stategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, available at http://www.metapress.com/content/u35t6131w54m/.

Discusses heating so far (.8C) and heating in the pipeline (1.0 – 1.5 C) concluding “Such warming and the associated changes are likely to cause severe impacts to key societal and environmental support systems.” “Reducing emissions sharply by 2050 and to near zero by 2100 will be required to limit the increase in global average surface temperature to no more than 2 to 2.5°C above its 1750 value of about 15°C, and that this will be necessary to avoid the most catastrophic, but certainly not all, consequences of climate change.”

Impacts – Forests

Impacts – Oceans

Impacts – Wildlife

Impacts – Wildfire

Impacts – Floods

Impacts – Hurricanes

Impacts – Crop Loss

Impacts – Migrations

Impacts – World Security

Impacts – Disease

Needed Carbon Reduction


Rob Hopkins, The Transition Handbook: From Oil Dependency to Local Resilience (Chelsea Green 2008).

The book is a clearly written handbook for inspiring and guiding communities into a new sustainable future with less dependency on fossil fuels. It presents strategies for local food production, transportation, and energy independence on the local level. This is a must-read for citizens of any community seeking a resilient and sustainable future. It draws from the World War II experience of local food production and energy minimalism to show that yes, we can prepare for the new world and create a better, healthier, and more satisfying way of life as a result.

Soil Protection for Carbon Sink

Tipping Point

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