Mary Wood

Profile picture of Mary Wood
Philip H. Knight Professor, Faculty Director, Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center
Food Studies, Law, Law-JD
Phone: 541-346-3842
Office: 306E Knight Law Center

Biography

Mary Christina Wood is the Philip H. Knight Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the school's Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center. She teaches property law, natural resources law, public trust law, and federal Indian law; she has also taught public lands law, wildlife law, and hazardous waste law.

She is the Founding Director of the school's nationally acclaimed Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center and is Faculty Leader of the Program's Conservation Trust Project, Global Environmental Democracy Project, Native Environmental Sovereignty Project, and Food Resilience Project.

After graduating from Stanford Law School in 1987, she served as a judicial clerk on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. She then practiced in the environmental/natural resources department of Perkins Coie, a Pacific Northwest law firm. In 1994 she received the University's Ersted Award for Distinguished Teaching, and in 2002 she received the Orlando Hollis Faculty Teaching Award. Professor Wood is a co-author of a leading textbook on natural resources law (West, 2006), and a co-author of a textbook on public trust law (Carolina Press, 2013). Her new book, Nature's Trust, was released in October, 2013 (by Cambridge University Press).

Professor Wood has published extensively on climate crisis, natural resources, and native law issues. She originated the approach called Atmospheric Trust Litigation to hold governments worldwide accountable for reducing carbon pollution within their jurisdictions, and her research is being used in cases and petitions brought on behalf of children and youth throughout the United States and in other countries. She is a frequent speaker on global warming issues and has received national and international attention for her sovereign trust approach to global climate policy.

Brief Bio

Mary Christina Wood is a Philip H. Knight Professor of Law at the University of Oregon and the Faculty Director of the law school's nationally acclaimed Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center.  She is an award-winning professor and the co-author of leading textbooks on public trust law and natural resources law.  Her book, Nature's Trust: Environmental Law for a New Ecological Age (Cambridge University Press), sets forth a new paradigm of global ecological responsibility.  She originated the legal approach called Atmospheric Trust Litigation, now being used in cases brought on behalf of youth throughout the world, seeking to hold governments accountable to reduce carbon pollution within their jurisdictions.  She has developed a corresponding approach called Atmospheric Recovery Litigation, which would hold fossil fuel companies responsible for funding an Atmospheric Recovery Plan to draw down excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere using natural climate solutions.   Professor Wood is a frequent speaker on climate issues and has received national and international attention for her sovereign trust approach to global climate policy.

Featured Publications

For a full list of publications, please see the below Publication section.

Publications

Books, Law Reviews, And Other Scholarship

2022 Supplement, The Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental and Natural Resources Law, Third Edition (Textbook) (with Michael C. Blumm and John Dernbach) (Carolina Academic Press, 2022).

A Generalizable Framework for Enhanced Natural Climate Solutions, Plant and Soil: An International Journal on Plant-Soil Relationships, (Silva, Wood, et al.) (Springer Nature, 2022).

“On the Eve of Destruction”: Courts Confronting the Climate Emergency, INDIANA LAW JOURNAL (Winter 2022). SSRN Here (External reference documents: US v. OR, Confederated Tribes, and WA 1977 MotionUS v. OR/WA 2/28/1977 TranscriptJuliana v. United States 5/13/21 TranscriptJuliana v. United States 6/25/21 Transcript)

The Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental and Natural Resources Law" Public Trust Textbook 3d (Michael C. Blumm and Mary C. Wood) (Carolina Academic Press, 2021). Chapter 1. For ordering information, click here.

A Framework for Sky Carbon Cleanup and Climate Restoration, Part I: Devising Regional Atmospheric Recovery Plans (with Rob Mellinger) (work in progress).

A Framework for Sky Carbon Cleanup and Climate Restoration, Part II: Securing Natural Resource Damage Awards Against Carbon Majors (with Callan Elizabeth Barrett and Zachary Griffith) (work in progress).

Atmospheric Recovery Litigation: Making the Fossil Fuel Companies Pay for Cleaning up the Atmosphere, chapter in Bearing Witness: The Human Rights Case Against Fracking and Climate Change (Kathleen Dean Moore, Tom Kern, eds.) (Oregon State University Press, forthcoming 2020).

Atmospheric Recovery Litigation Around the World: Gaining Natural Resource Damage Awards Against Carbon Majors to Fund a Sky Cleanup for Climate Restoration, chapter in Handbook on Loss and Damage (Edward Elgar, 2020)

Restoring Democracy: Nature’s Trust, Human Survival, and Constitutional Fiduciary Governance, chapter in Democracy Unchained:  How to Rebuild Government for the People (David Orr, Bill Becker eds.) (The New Press, 2020).

Forward, Earth Law: A Practitioner's Guide (Wolters Kluwer, forthcoming 2020).

Gerald Torres and Mary Christina Wood, Joseph Sax:  The Public Trust in Environmental Law, Pioneers in Environmental Law (Jan Laitos, ed.) (Twelve Table Press 2020).

A Perspective on Interdisciplinary Convergence to Accelerate Natural Climate Solutions (work-in-progress with Lucas Silva et. al.), Nature Climate Change (draft submitted for consideration May, 2020).

The Dramatic Dismissal of a Landmark Youth Climate Lawsuit Might Not Close the Book on that Case (with Michael Blumm), The Conversation (Jan. 22, 2020) (reprinted in The Oregonian).

Landscape Carbon Sequestration for Atmospheric Recovery White Paper: A Perspective on Convergence to Accelerate Carbon Dioxide Drawdown, submitted to National Science Foundation (December, 2019) (co-author, with Lucas Silva and UO team of Principal Investigators).

Michael C. Blumm & Mary Christina Wood, Guest View:  Arguments Over Our Future, Eugene Register Guard (Nov 12, 2019)

Blumm, Michael C. and Wood, Mary C., Climate Change and the Public Trust Doctrine in Oregon: A Law Professors' Amicus Brief (July 16, 2019).

The Planet’s Future on the Judicial Docket (with Michael Blumm), The Oregonian (June 2, 2019).

Michael Blumm and Mary Christina Wood on Two Cases That Would Protect the Public’s Right to a Stable Climate, Eugene Register-Guard (June 2, 2019).

“Tribal Guide to the Legal Landscape of Fossil Fuel Infrastructure Projects,” Native Environmental Sovereignty Project, (white paper)(June 2019)

Florida State University Law Review Rehearing: Debating the Fundamentals of the Fundamental Right to a Sustainable Environment, FSU Law Review. (2018).

The Public Trust Doctrine: A Constitutional Key to Unlocking American Democracy and Securing Ecological Survival in the 21st Century, chapter in The State of American Democracy (David Orr, ed.) (forthcoming 2019).

Tribal Tools & Legal Levers for Halting Fossil Fuel Transports & Exports Through the Pacific Northwest (with Anna Eliza Brady & Brendan Keenan Jr.), American Indian Law Journal; Vol. 7 : Iss. 1 , Article 5 (2018).

Atmospheric Trust Litigation: Securing a Constitutional Right to a Stable Climate System, 29 Colorado Natural Resources, Energy & Environmental Law Review 101 (2018).

These Kids and Young Adults Want Their Day in Court on Climate Change, The Chicago Tribune and Associated Press (with Michael C. Blumm) (October 26, 2018).

Mary Wood and Michael C. Blumm, These Kids and Young Adults Want Their Day in Court on Climate Change, The Conversation (October 23, 2018).

Adrian Treves, et al., Intergenerational Equity Can Secure the Future of the Atmosphere and Biodiversity, 2 Nature Ecology & Evolution 204 (January 18, 2018).

Mary Christina Wood, Research Summary, University of Oregon Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center (2017-2018).

Mary C. Wood, A Meta-Strategy for Atmospheric Recovery:  Filing Suit Against the Carbon Majors, Forcing the Managed Decline of Fossil Fuels, and Funding Climate Restoration Through Soil-Based Carbon Sequestration (2017).

Michael C. Blumm and Mary C. Wood, ‘No Ordinary Lawsuit’: Climate Change, Due Process, and the Public Trust Doctrine, 67 Am. U. L. Rev. 1 (2017).  SSRN  Draft available Exhibit E-7

Prospectus for an Atmospheric Recovery Institute, University of Oregon Climate Change Research Symposium (Apr. 26, 2017).

Mary Christina Wood & Rance Shaw, “Enforcing Human Rights Against Fracking Through the Public Trust Principle,” in Questions for a Resilient Future: Does Fracking Violate Human Rights? (2017).

The Public Trust Paradigm for a New Economy,” chapter in Law and Policy for a New Economy (Mary Christina Wood, Edgar Elgar Publishing, 2017).

“Nature’s Trust: A Legal and Sacred Covenant to Protect Earth’s Climate System for Future Generations,” chapter in The Urgency of Climate Change (Mary Christina Wood, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017).

Mary Wood, Charles W. Woodward, IV, and Michael V. Blumm, Earth on the Docket:  Why Obama Can’t Ignore This Climate Lawsuit by America’s Youth, The Conversation (Dec. 15, 2016).

Mary Christina Wood and Charles W. Woodward IV, “Atmospheric Trust Litigation and the Constitutional Right to a Healthy Climate System: Judicial Recognition at Last,” Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy 634-684 (2016).   For the article, click here. For the letter from the 1986 U.S Senate Subcommittee on Environment and Public Works to the U.S EPA referenced in the article, click here

Mary Christina Wood and Coauthor, Andrew Welle, "Free Trade and Green Governance: Abdicating Environmental Sovereignty in Violation of the Public Trust Doctrine,"  draft (forthcoming 2016).

Gerard Magill & Kiarash Aramesh, eds., The Urgency of Climate Change: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016. (DRAFT)

Doug Quirke (Mary C. Wood, contributor), The Public Trust Doctrine: A Primer, University of Oregon School of Law Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center (Feb. 2016).

Forward by Mary C. Wood, “Implementing Adaptation Strategies by Legal, Economic and Planning Instruments on Climate Change (Springer Publishing, 2016).

Co-author (with Michael Blumm), Amicus Brief on Behalf of Law Professors in Juliana v. Brown (Oregon atmospheric trust case), Oregon Court of Appeals (Jan. 25, 2016) (draft available here)

Mary Christina Wood & Gordon Levitt, The Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental Decision Making, Environmental Decision Making, Edward Elgar Publishing.  For Final Draft Version, Click Here.

Mary Wood & Dan Galpern, Atmospheric Recovery Litigation:  Making the Fossil Fuel Industry Pay for Damages to the Atmosphere from Carbon Emissions, Environmental Law. (2015)

Teacher’s Manual, The Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental and Natural Resources Law, Second Edition (with Michael C. Blumm) (Carolina Academic Press, 2015).

"Atmospheric Trust Litigation: Defining Sovereign Obligations In Climate Recovery," Mary Christina Wood, Fletcher Forum of World Affairs (Tufts University) (March 27, 2014).

Setting The Public Trust Doctrine Straight, The Register Guard (with Michael Blumm) (January 15, 2014).

Tribal Trustees in Climate Crisis, SU American Indian Law Journal (Spring, 2014).

"The Planet on the Docket:  Atmospheric Trust Litigation to Protect Earth's Climate System and Habitability" FAMU Law Rev.

Advancing the Sovereign Trust of Government to Safeguard the Environment for Present and Future Generations (Part I), reprinted in Chris Wold, David Hunter, and Melissa Powers, Climate Change and the Law 2d, 1041-46 (2013).

Teacher’s Manual, The Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental and Natural Resources Law (Public Trust Textbook) (with Michael C. Blumm) (Carolina Academic Press, 2013).

Mary Christina Wood (translated by Helen He), "A New Approach to Environmental Law", republished with permission in "The Rule of Law and Society Journal," (2015), English version (excerpt from Nature's Trust, originally published by Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Mary Wood and Michael Blumm Op Ed, "Setting The Public Trust Doctrine Straight," (submitted to the Oregonian on December 30, 2013).

Mary Wood and Michael Blumm Op Ed, "Undermining Oregon's public trust doctrine: Guest opinion," Oregonian (December 5, 2013).

Nature's Trust: Environmental Law for a New Ecological Age (Cambridge University Press, 2013). To order on Amazon click here.

"The Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental and Natural Resources Law" Public Trust Textbook (Michael C. Blumm and Mary C. Wood) (Carolina Academic Press, 2013).  For ordering information, click here.

Mary Christina Wood (co-author with Mary Turnipseed et al.), Using the Public Trust Doctrine to Achieve Ocean Stewardship, chapter in Rule of Law for Nature (Christina Voight & Hans-Christian Bugge, eds, Cambridge University Press 2013).

"Hydrocarbon Development From Shale: A Set Of Important, Unsolved Problems," A.R. Ingraffea, A. Burchell, R. Howarth, A.E. Wilson, P. Doe, T. Colburn, M. C. Wood.  (American Geophysical Union, 2013 meeting.)

Securing Planetary Life Sources for Future Generations: Legal Actions Deriving from the Ancient Sovereign Trust Obligation, Chapter in Threatened Island Nations (Mary Christina Wood, Stephen Leonard, Daniel Bartz, and Nicola Peart, Cambridge University Press 2013).  

NATURAL RESOURCES LAW, SECOND EDITION (with Jan Laitos and Sandi Zellmer) (West Publishing, 2012).

The Public Trust Doctrine & Rio+20, included in Global Transition 2012 Challenge Papers (with Mary Turnipseed et al.) (February 24, 2012).

"Atmospheric Trust Litigation Around the World," chapter in Fiduciary Duty and the Atmospheric Trust (Ken Coghill, Charles Sampford, Tim Smith, eds) Ashgate Publishing (Australia) (January 2012). (link to American draft version)

Mary Christina Wood, Stephen Leonard, Daniel Bartz, & Nicola Peart, Securing Planetary Life Sources for Future Generations: Legal Actions Deriving from the Ancient Sovereign Trust Obligation, Chapter 16, Threatened Island Nations (eds Michael Gerrard & Greg Wannier, Cambridge University Press 2012)   For a description of the book click here.     To order the book click here.

"Atmospheric Trust Litigation," in Climate Change Reader (W.H. Rodgers, Jr. and M. Robinson-Dorn, eds.) Carolina Academic Press (2011).

"'You Can't Negotiate With a Beetle': Environmental Law for a New Ecological Age," Natural Resources Law Journal, Vol. 50, No. 1 (Spring 2010).

"Promoting the Urban Homestead: Reform of Local Land Use Laws To Allow Microlivestock on Residential Lots," (with Katy Polluconi, Jeremy Pyle and Naomi Rowden) Ecology Law Currents, Volume 37, http://elq.typepad.com/currents/volume-37-2010/ (2010).

"Reform of Local Land Use Laws To Allow Microlivestock on Urban Homesteads," (white paper produced with the Sustainable Land Use Project) submitted to Eugene Climate Action and Energy Project, City of Eugene (March 1, 2010).

"Cambio Climatico Y Justicia: Exijamos Su Responsabilidad A Los Gobiernos," 78 Athanor 27 (edited and translated by Francesc Prims and John Mellgren), www.athanor.es (November-December 2009).

Proposed Draft Executive Order on Climate Change (September 2009).

“The Transformation of Environmental Legal Education,” Mary C. Wood, Engaging the Law to Support Sustainability on Earth, University of Oregon School of Law (Fall 2009).

"Advancing the Sovereign Trust of Government to Safeguard the Environment for Present and Future Generations (Part I): Ecological Realism and the Need for a Paradigm Shift," 39:1 Environmental Law 43 (March 2009).

"Advancing the Sovereign Trust of Government to Safeguard the Environment for Present and Future Generations (Part II): Instilling a Fiduciary Obligation in Governance," 39:1 Environmental Law 91 (March 2009).

Atmospheric Trust Litigation, chapter in Adjudicating Climate Change: Sub-National, National, And Supra-National Approaches (William C.G. Burns & Hari M. Osofsky, eds.) (2009, Cambridge University Press).

"Regulating Discharges Into Groundwater: The Crucial Link in Pollution Control Under the Clean Water Act," republished in Agricultural Law Bibliography (Drew L. Kershen, ed.) (April 2009) (originally published in Harvard Environmental Law Review, 1988) 39:1 Environmental Law 43 (March 2009).

"Law and Climate Change: Government's Atmospheric Trust Responsibility," excerpt reprinted in CLIMATE CHANGE LAW: MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION (David R. Hodas, Richard Hildreth, and Gustov Speth, eds.) (Spring 2009, West Publishing) (originally published in the Environmental Law Reporter, September 2008).

"Nature's Trust: A Legal, Political and Moral Frame for Global Warming," reprinted in Social Problems (Anna Leon-Guerrero and Kristine Zentgraf, eds.) (January 2009, Sage Publications, Inc.) (originally published by Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, May 2007).

"American Indian Law and Forestry," Encyclopedia of U.S. Indian Policy and Law, Paul Finkleman, ed., CQ Press (2009).

"Law and Climate Change: Government's Atmospheric Trust Responsibility," 10 Environmental Law Reporter (September 2008).

"Advancing the Sovereign Trust of Government to Safeguard the Environment for Present and Future Generations," Climate Legacy Initiative Project, (white paper) (May 2008).To read an executive summary of this article, click here.

"A Framework of China-U.S. Partnership to Address Global Warming," 3 China Environmental and Resource Law Review, Ocean University (Renmin Press, Spring 2008). To read an abstract of this article, click here.

"Nature's Trust: Reclaiming an Environmental Discourse," 2 Stratigraphy and Sedimentology of Oil-gas Basins, Geology Institute of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Azerbaijan, Russia (Spring 2008).

"Government's Atmospheric Trust Responsibility," Ecotone, Environmental Studies Program, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR (Spring 2008).

"Tribes as Trustees Again (Part I): The Emerging Tribal Role in the Conservation Trust Movement," Harvard Environmental Law Journal (with Zach Welker) (Spring 2008); republished in The Sovereignty Symposium 2008 conference proceedings, http://www.oscn.net/sovereignty/default.aspx. To read an abstract of this article, click here.

"Tribes as Trustees Again (Part II): Evaluating Four Models of Tribal Participation in the Conservation Trust Movement," Stanford Environmental Law Journal (with Matthew O'Brien) (Spring 2008); republished in The Sovereignty Symposium 2008 conference proceedings, http://www.oscn.net/sovereignty/default.aspx. To read an abstract of this article, click here.

"Government's Atmospheric Trust Responsibility," California Environmental Law Reporter (February 2008).

"Nature's Trust as a Paradigm for Scientific Input in Policy Decisions," Abstract, Annual Conference of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California (December 2007) (with Alison Burchell, Ed Whitelaw, Bob Doppelt), available at http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate.

Mary C. Wood and Zach Welcker, Tribes as Trustees Again (Part I): The Emerging Tribal Role in the Conservation Trust Movement, 32 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 373 (2008).

Mary C. Wood and Matthew O’Brien, Tribes as Trustees (Part II): Evaluating Four Models of Tribal Participation in the Conservation Trust Movement, 27 Stan. Envtl. L. J. 477 (2008).

"Government's Atmospheric Trust Responsibility," Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation, Issue 22:2 (December 2007).

The Presidential Climate Action Project, Chapter 9, "Natural Resources Stewardship" (contributing author) http://www.climateactionproject.com (September 2007); "Nature's Trust: A Paradigm for Natural Resources Stewardship" (white paper) (December 2007).

Team Up to Tackle Climate Change, Oregon Daily Emerald (November 2, 2007).

"Nature's Trust: Reclaiming an Environmental Discourse," Chapter in POLLUTION: POLICIES AND PERSPECTIVES (Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India University Press (ICFAI Press), Hyderbad, India, Fall 2007) (originally published by the Virginia Environmental Law Journal, 2007).

"Nature's Trust: A Legal, Political and Moral Frame for Global Warming," 34:3 Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review (May 2007).

"Nature's Trust: Reclaiming an Environmental Discourse," 25:2 Virginia L. J. (May 2007).

Why Can't Government Prevent Global Warming?, Rachel’s Democracy & Health News #907 (May 2007).

"EPA's Protection of Tribal Harvests: Braiding the Agency's Mission," 34:1 Ecology Law Quarterly (April 2007).

TEACHER'S MANUAL, NATURAL RESOURCES LAW (with Jan Laitos, Sandi Zellmer and Dan Cole) (West Publishing, January 2007).

"Salmon for Sale: Tribes, Treaties, and Fishing Rights," Oregon's Future 34 (Winter 2006).

NATURAL RESOURCES LAW (with Jan Laitos, Sandi Zellmer and Dan Cole) (West Publishing, 2006).

"Restoring the Abundant Trust: Tribal Litigation in Pacific Northwest Salmon Recovery," 36 Environmental Law Reporter, 10163 (2006). pre-publication draft posted here

"Indian Forest Laws," Chapter in HANDBOOK OF FEDERAL INDIAN LAW (Lexis/Nexis Publishing 2005).

"The Politics of Abundance: Towards a Future of Tribal-State Relations," 83 Oregon Law Review 1352 (2004).

"Protecting the Wildlife Trust: A Reinterpretation of Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act," 34 Environmental Law 605 (2004).

"The Indian Trust Responsibility: Protecting Tribal Lands and Resources Though Claims of Injunctive Relief Against Federal Agencies," 39 Tulsa Law Review 355 (2004).

"Rennard's Deanship: The Triumph of Axiology," 80 Oregon Law Review 1155 (2001).

"The Tribal Property Right to Wildlife Capital (Part I): Applying Principles of Sovereignty to Protect Imperiled Wildlife Populations," 37 Idaho Law Review 1 (2000).

"The Tribal Property Right to Wildlife Capital (Part II): Asserting a Sovereign Servitude to Protect Habitat of Imperiled Species," 25 Vermont Law Review 355 (2001).

"Judicial Termination of Treaty Water Rights: The Snake River Case," 36 Idaho Law Review 449 (2000) (co-authored with Michael Blumm, Dale Goble, Judith Royster).

"Native Environmental Sovereignty," Open Spaces Magazine (1999).

"Reclaiming the Natural Rivers: The Endangered Species Act Applied to Endangered River Ecosystems," 40 Arizona Law Review 198-286 (1998).

"Environmental Scholarship for a New Millennium," 26 Environmental Law 761-769 (1996).

"Treaty Rights and the Trust Responsibility," Materials for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Training Seminars (1996).

"Tribal Management of Off-Reservation Living Resources: Regaining the Sovereign Prerogative," THE WAY FORWARD: COLLABORATION 'IN COUNTRY' (1995).

"Protecting the Attributes of Native Sovereignty: A New Trust Paradigm for Federal Actions Affecting Tribal Lands and Resources," Utah Law Review 109-237 (1995).

"Fulfilling the Executive's Trust Responsibility Toward the Native Nations on Environmental Issues: A Partial Critique of the Clinton Administration's Promises and Performance," 25 Environmental Law 733-800 (1995).

"Indian Land and the Promise of Native Sovereignty: The Trust Doctrine Revisited," Utah Law Review 1471-1569 (1994).

"Environmental Considerations in Estate Planning and Administration," Oregon Environmental & Natural Resources Law News, Vol. VII, no. 1 (co-authored) (May 1992).

"Status of Heirs and Trustees under CERCLA," Oregon State Bar Environmental and Cultural Resources Section (co-authored) (1992).

"Court Finds New Basis of Liability," The National Law Journal, Vol. 13, no. 36 (co-authored) (1991).

"The Toxic Substances Control Act," OREGON ENVIRONMENTAL LAW DESK BOOK (chapter co-authored with Professor Craig Johnston) (1990).

"Regulating Discharges Into Groundwater: The Crucial Link in Pollution Control Under the Clean Water Act," 12 Harvard Environmental Law Review 569-626 (1988).

Other Publications

"How to Sue for Climate Change: The Public Trust Doctrine" and "Enforcing the Atmospheric Trust Fiduciary Obligation," co-authored with Susan O'Toole, Outlook: Oregon State Bar Environmental and Natural Resources Section Newsletter Vol. 10 No. 2 (Winter 2009)

"Why U.S. President Must Immediately Regulate Carbon Dioxide Under the Clean Air Act," Opinon Editorial with Tim Ream, China Environmental Law Review, Volume 3 (July 2009).

Comments on Nature's Trust Approach submitted to Office of Management and Budget, Federal Regulatory Review, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs Request for Comments, 74 Fed. Reg. 8819 (February 26, 2009).

"Obama must act now on climate issue," Opinion Editorial with Tim Ream, The Register Guard (January 27, 2009), http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/web/news/sevendays/5875322-3….

"Barack Obama stands at threshold of catastrophic climate change," Opinion Editorial with Tim Ream, straight.com (January 19, 2009), http://www.straight.com/article-194912/barack-obama-stands-threshold-ca…; also posted at http://earthequitynews.blogspot.com/2009/01/obama-at-threshold-catastro… (January 21, 2009); also posted at http://blog.163.com/adr_ouc/blog/static/105679286200902184843199/ (January 21, 2009).

"C.E.S. Wood Documentary Premiere–Remarks," Address, Premiere of the PBS documentary, "C.E.S. Wood" (February 7, 2008), Oregon Historical Society, available at: http://ohs.org/education/focus/ces-wood-film-premiere.cfm.

"Government's Atmospheric Trust Responsibility," Feature of the Week, Presidential Climate Action Project, www.climateactionproject.com (re-publication of a keynote address given at the 2007 J.E.L.L. Climate Change Conference) (December 4, 2007).

"Regaining Nature's Trust," ¡Viva! Mercy Magazine, Institute of the Sisters of Mercy of the Americas, Silver Spring, MD, Sisters of Mercy (September/October Edition, 2007).

"Nature's Mandate, Our Obligation," 33: 3 Down to Earth 9 (Montana Environmental Information Center, September 2007), available at: http://www.meic.org/files/energy/global-warming/NaturesTrust.pdf.

"Nature's Mandate, Our Obligation," Climate Crisis Coalition Newsfeed, (re-publication of a speech given at the 2007 Southwest Renewable Energy Conference) (August 2007).

"Rachel's News # 907: "Discretion or Obligation," Montague, Peter and Tim Montague, eds., (May 2007).

"Government and Climate Crisis: Discretion or Obligation?" Eugene Weekly online (May 4, 2007), available at: http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2007/05/10/news1.html.

"Oregon State Legislature's Responsibility to Address Global Warming," Legislative Briefing Packet for Oregon Senate Judiciary Committee, University of Oregon School of Law, Eugene, OR (February 16, 2007).

"Now is Time to Stem Global Warming," Opinion Editorial, Vancouver Columbian (Feb. 9, 2007).

"Demand Global Warming Legislation," Opinion Editorial, Idaho Statesman (Jan. 21, 2007).

"A UN Warning Americans Should Not Ignore," Opinion Editorial, Long Valley Advocate (Feb. 7, 2007).

"Bureaucrats Violate Trust By Ignoring Preservation," Opinion Editorial, The Register-Guard (Jan. 12, 2007).

"Trust in Property Rights to Stem Global Warming," Opinion Editorial, The Star News (Dec. 21, 2006).

"Trophy Home Proposal Dishonors the Nez Perce," The Seattle Times, B9 (Feb. 11, 2004).

"American Indians Feel Sting of Insensitivity," The Eastern Oregonian, 6A (Feb. 15, 2004).

"Wallowa Development Dishonors the Nez Perce," Baker City Herald, 4 (Feb. 10, 2004).

"Proposed Development Would Be 'An Unthinkable Desecration,'" Wallowa County Chieftain, 6 (Feb. 12, 2004).

"Proposed Development Would Be 'An Unthinkable Desecration,'" La Grande Observer (Feb. 12, 2004).

"An Unthinkable Desecration," Ta'c Tito'oquan News, 16 (Feb. 2004).

"No Way To Honor Grave Legacy Of Old Joseph," Lewiston Morning Tribune, 6A (Feb. 11, 2004).

"Wallowa County Considers Unthinkable Desecration of A Sacred Site," The Oregonian, D11 (Feb. 11, 2004).

"Nez Perce Fight An Old Battle Again," The Register-Guard, A11 (Feb. 12, 2004).

"Subdivision Would Add Insult To Tribe's Injury," Spokesman Review (Feb. 11, 2004).

"Reaction to P&Z Threatens the Process," The Star-News (Feb. 25, 1999).

"Valley County P&Z Process Jeopardized by Critics of WestRock Decision," The Long Valley Advocate (Feb. 17, 1999).

"Reclaiming Native Environmental Sovereignty in the Columbia River Basin," 20th Annual Report, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (Aug. 1998).

"Salvage Logging Bill Threatens U.S. Forests," The San Diego Union-Tribune (May 3, 1995) (with Chad Hanson).

"Salvage Logging Bill Seen as Rape–or the Salvation–of Forests," The Oregonian (May 1, 1995) (with Chad Hanson).

"The Gorton-Hatfield Forest Giveaway," The New York Times, Sunday Edition (Apr. 30, 1995) (with Chad Hanson).

"Gorton, Hatfield Pull a Fast One to Benefit Timber Industry," Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Apr. 28, 1995) (with Chad Hanson).

"Bill a Blow to Ecosystems, Democracy," The Eugene Register-Guard (Apr. 25, 1995) (with Chad Hanson).

"Tribal Treaty Victory Helps Save Salmon," The Seattle Times (Sept. 30, 1994).

"It's Electricity Turbines that Kill Northwest Salmon, Not Tribal Fishing," Indian Country Today (Sept. 28, 1994).

"Indian Treaty Rights, Salmon, Do Not Pose Conflict," The Columbian (Sept. 27, 1994).

"Indian Rights Face-Off Avoided," The Eugene Register-Guard (Sept. 18, 1994).

"State Over Its Head as Spill Decision-Maker," The Oregonian (July 15, 1994).

Brief submitted on behalf of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the Endangered Species Act "God Squad" Proceedings involving the Northern Spotted Owl (250p) (co-counsel with Patrick A. Parenteau and Ron Swan) (Feb. 1992).

STANFORD LAWYER, semi-annual column from 1987 to 1998.