Michael Fakhri

Michael Fakhri profile picture

Academic Interests

Food Policy, TWAIL (Third World Approaches to International Law), International Economic Law, Commercial Law, Urban Farming, Mid-East Trade, Development in the Mid-East, Imperialism, Globalization


Michael Fakhri teaches in the areas of international economic law, commercial law, and food law. His research focuses on the right to food and agroecology. His theoretical agenda involves investigating law’s role in imperial and capitalist adventures. He is a faculty member of the Environmental and Natural Resource Program  where he co-leads the Food Resiliency Project. In this work, he investigates how law may be used to increase biodiversity through food-making practices.

You can read an interview with him here where he describes his research agenda or watch his book launch here. Fakhri regularly writes for blogs and is a Contributing Editor of EJIL: Talk! He also has been a guest contributor for Legal Form and Afronomicslaw.

Professor Fakhri has given talks at Yale University, Harvard Law School, Princeton University, Brown University, Cornell University, London School of Economics, University of Cambridge, the American University of Beirut, and the American University in Cairo.

Professor Fakhri received his doctorate from the University of Toronto Faculty of Law, LL.M. from Harvard Law School, LL.B. from Queen's University, and B.Sc. in biology from the University of Western Ontario. Prior to pursuing graduate studies, he began his legal career with one of Canada's leading business law firms, later shifting to a practice in social justice advocacy.



Bandung, Global History and International Law: Critical Pasts and Pending Futures, co-edited  with Vasuki Nesiah and Luis Eslava (Cambridge University Press, 2017; paperback 2018)

Sugar and the Making of International Trade Law (Cambridge University Press 2014)


"A History of Food Security and Agriculture in International Trade Law, 1945–2017” in J. D. Haskell and A. Rasulov (eds.), New Voices and New Perspectives in International Economic Law. European Yearbook of International Economic Law (Spring 2020) 55

Sugar” in Jessie Hohmann and Daniel Joyce (eds.), International Law’s Objects (Oxford University Press 2019) 478

Third World Sovereignty, Indigenous Sovereignty, and Food Sovereignty” 9 Transnational Legal Theory 218 (2018)

“The Spirit of Bandung” in Bandung, Global History and International Law: Critical Pasts and Pending Futures (Cambridge University Press 2017) 3 (co-author with Vasuki Nesiah and Luis Eslava)

Gauging US and EU Seal Regimes in the Arctic Against Inuit Sovereignty” in Nengye Liu et al. (eds.), The European Union and the Arctic (Brill Nijhoff 2017) 200

Food as a Matter of Global Governance” 11 Journal of International Law and International Relations 68 (2015)

Globalizations of Law From the Perspective of International Trade Law (and Agricultural Commodities)” 1 Jindal Law Review 18 (2015)

The Institutionalisation of Free Trade and Empire: A Study of the 1902 Brussels Convention” 2:1 London Review of International Law 49 (2014)

Reconstruing WTO Legitimacy Debates” 2:1 Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law 64 (2011)

The 1937 International Sugar Agreement: Neo-Colonial Cuba and Economic Aspects of the League of Nations” 24:4 Leiden Journal of International Law 89 (2011)

“Images of the Arab World and Middle East, Debates About Development and Regional Integration” 28:3 Wisconsin International Law Journal 390 (2011)

Law as the Interplay of Ideas, Institutions, and Interests: Using Polanyi (and Foucault) to Ask TWAIL Questions” 10:4 International Community Law Review 455 (2008)

Essays, Reviews, Reference Entries

The Bandung Conference” in Tony Carty (ed.), Oxford Bibliographies in International Law (Oxford University Press 2017) (co-author with Kelly Reynolds)

The WTO, Self-Determination, and Multi-Jurisdictional Sovereignty” 108 American Journal of International Law Unbound 287 (2015)

Book review of Kate Miles, The Origins of International Investment Law: Empire, Environment, and the Safeguarding of Capital, 18:3 Journal of International Economic Law 697 (2015)       

The Intersection Between Food Sovereignty and Law” 28:2 Natural Resources & Environment 45 (2013) (with Nate Bellinger)

Questioning TWAIL’s Agenda” 14:1 Oregon Review of International Law 1 (2012)

Book review of Andrew Lang, World Trade Law after Neoliberalism. Re-imagining the Global Economic Order, 23:3 European Journal of International Law 901 (2012)